Monthly Archives: February 2017

Pharmaceuticals and Personal-Care Products in Plants


Pharmaceuticals and personal-care products reach plants predominantly from the use of reclaimed wastewater for irrigation. Photo by Pixabay

 Pharmaceutical and personal-care products (PPCPs) for human and animal use are increasingly released into the environment.

Plants act as excellent tracers of global pollution because they are present in almost all areas of the planet and accumulate chemical compounds present in the atmosphere, in the water with which they are irrigated, and in the soil on which they grow.

PPCP removal from plants for waste water treatment is incomplete, and the dispersal of these compounds into the environment and accumulation in plants mostly occurs from irrigating with reused water and from the application of biosolids and manure to land.

In a featured article in the journal Trends in Plant Science, UVIC and CREAF-CSIC researchers highlighted the potential of plants as biomonitors of PPCPs in the environment and the risk that the dietary intake of these PPCP-contaminated plants could have on the entire biosphere including on human health, even at low concentrations.

“Plants accumulate PPCP at concentrations that can be toxic to plants, plant microbiota, and soil microorganisms and thus affect nutrient cycling, food webs and ecosystem functioning. Furthermore, the risk to humans from dietary intake of these PPCP-contaminated plants (mostly crops) is uncertain but warrants deep consideration”, said Dr. Mireia Bartrons from Universitat de Vic, Barcelona.

“Further attention has recently been given to the effects of human and veterinary antibiotics. They dramatically affect the structure and function of soil microbial communities and promote the emergence of multidrug-resistant human pathogens that increasingly threaten successful anti-biotic treatment of bacterial infections”, said Prof. Josep Penuelas from CREAF-CSIC Barcelona.

Citation: Bartrons, M., Peñuelas, J. 2017. Pharmaceuticals and Personal-Care Products in Plants. Trends in Plant Science, (2017) 22, Issue 3, 194–203. doi: 10.1016/j.tplants.2016.12.010.

Successful 3rd Annual Paris Meeting!

From the 1st to the 3rd of February, we met in Pierre et Marie Curie University, in Paris, to gather together, share results and advance phosphorus-related science!

You can download our presentations here!

Three days of intense collaboration among the different imbalance-P groups, left us some pictures that we want to share with you.

See you all during the 4th Annual Meeting!

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Phosphorus accumulates faster than nitrogen globally in freshwater ecosystems under anthropogenic impacts


Underwater image of a lake. Photo by Pexels

Human activities have drastically accelerated Earth’s major biogeochemical cycles, altering the the nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) cycles.

Combined effects of cumulative nutrient inputs and biogeochemical processes that occur in freshwater under anthropogenic eutrophication could lead to myriad shifts in N:P stoichiometry in global freshwater ecosystems, but this was not yet well-assessed.

In a new study in the journal Ecology Letters researchers from Peking University and CREAF-CSIC evaluated the characteristics of N and P stoichiometries in bodies of freshwater and their herbaceous macrophytes across human-impact levels, regions and periods.

Freshwater and its macrophytes had higher N and P concentrations and lower N:P ratios in heavily than lightly human-impacted environments, further evidenced by spatiotemporal comparisons across eutrophication gradients. N and P concentrations in freshwater ecosystems were positively correlated and N:P ratio was negatively correlated with population density in China.

“Our findings indicate that anthropogenic eutrophication might thus shift aquatic ecosystems from a state of predominant P limitation to being potentially limited or co-limited by N, or by other factors such as light, especially in rapidly developing regions such as China” said Zhengbing Yan, researcher from Peking University.

“These results indicate a faster accumulation of P than N in human-impacted freshwater ecosystems, which could have large effects on the trophic webs and biogeochemical cycles of estuaries and coastal areas by freshwater loadings, and reinforces the importance of rehabilitating these ecosystems”, said Prof. Josep Penuelas from CREAF-CSIC Barcelona.

Citation: Yan, Z., Han, W., Penuelas, J., Sardans, J., Elser, J.J., Du, E., Fang, J. 2016. Phosphorus accumulates faster than nitrogen globally in freshwater ecosystems under anthropogenic impacts. Ecology Letters 19, (2016), 1237-1246. doi: 10.1111/ele.12658